Objective Analysis in the Atmospheric and Related Sciences ATMO, HWRS, GEOS,GEOG 529
Overviews statistical methods used to interpret datasets in the atmospheric and related sciences. Emphasis is placed on the application of tools discussed in class to analysis of datasets in the atmospheric and related sciences. Topics include application of basic statistics (composite analysis; significance testing; curve fitting; regression analysis; correlation; and non-normal distributions), non-parametric statistical significance testing (e.g. Monte-Carlo methods and field significance), matrix methods (principal component analysis; SVD analysis; CCA), and time series analysis (harmonic analysis; power spectra; data filtering; cross-spectrum analysis; singular spectrum analysis; and wavelet analysis).
Typically offered once every two years during Fall semester, odd years.
Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling
ATMO, HWRS, GEOS 558
Provides a framework for understanding limited area models commonly used in the atmospheric science community, either as numerical weather prediction models or regional climate models. Topics include conservation equations of the atmosphere; methods of solution; boundary and initial conditions; coordinate systems; parameterization schemes; and model application and evaluation. Particular emphasis will be placed on the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, as this is used in the UA Department of Atmospheric Sciences.
Typically offered once every two years during Spring semester, even years.
Weather Analysis and Forecasting I (formerly Synoptic Meteorology)
Overviews fundamental atmospheric processes involved in the day-to-day behavior of synoptic scale and mesoscale mid-latitude weather. The objective is to provide an understanding of how observed meteorological information can be analyzed and interpreted to create informed weather forecast, commiserate with operational practices in the United States. Course topics include characterization of the synoptic state of the atmosphere, quasi-geostropic theory, isentropic analysis and potential vorticity, thermodynamic analyses and convection, and regional phenomena.
Typically offered once every two years during Fall semester, even years.
Fundamentals of Weather and Climate
ATMO, GEOS, GEOG, SWES, PHYS 436a/536a
Atmospheric science is concerned with the structure and evolution of the planetary atmospheres and with the wide range of phenomena that occur within them. It encompasses timescales from minutes to decades and centuries: from a short-lived dust devil to climate dynamics. The laws of physics and the equations and concepts that we use in atmospheric sciences help us to understand not only how weather systems form, but how they evolve, move, and the impacts they will have on society. This course provides a fundamental knowledge of the atmospheric sciences. Emphasis is placed on broadly covering topics in the atmospheric sciences including composition of the atmosphere, atmospheric thermodynamics, atmospheric chemistry, cloud physics, radiative transfer, and atmospheric dynamics.
Typically offered every year during Spring semester.
Introduction to Weather and Climate
An introduction to the science of weather and climate, including such topics (time permitting) as the atmospheric composition, energy balance, wind systems, genesis of fronts and cyclones, precipitation processes, clouds, severe weather, weather prediction and optical phenomena. Emphasis given to phenomena that have strong impacts on human activities and economic livelihood such as tornadoes, hurricanes, El Niño, global warming and climate change, ozone depletion, and air pollution. The fundamental importance of physics, chemistry and mathematics to the atmospheric sciences are explored.
Offered every semester.