Carrillo, C.M., C.L. Castro, G.M. Garfin, H. Chang, and M.S. Bukovsky.  Pacific SST-related teleconnective influences on North American monsoon precipitation within North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) models.  Int. J. Climatol., in revision.

Cassell, W.W., C.L.Castro, T. Luong, Q. Xiao, and A. Arellano.  Simulating organized convection during the 2004 North American Monsoon Experiment and its sensitivity to initial conditions.  Mon. Wea. Rev., in revision.

Chang, H., G-Y Niu., C.L. Castro, and R. Monson.  Improving warm season precipitation prediction over the U.S. through the community NOAH-MP land surface model coupled with WRF.  J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., in revision.

Minjarez-Sosa, C.M., C.L. Castro, K.L. Cummins, J. Waissmann, and D.K. Adams.  An Improved QPE Over Complex Terrain Employing Cloud to Ground Lightning Occurrences.  J. Appl. Meteor. and Climatol., in revision.



Lahmers, T.M., C.L. Castro, D.K Adams, Y.L. Serra and J.J. Brost, 2016.  Long-term changes in the climatology of transient inverted troughs over the North American Monsoon region and their effects on severe weather.  J. Climate, 29, 6027-6064.  PDF LINK

Mazon, J.J., C.L. Castro, D.K. Adams, C. Carrillo, and J. J. Brost, 2016.  Objective Climatological Analysis of Extreme Events During the North American Monsoon.  J. Appl. Meteor. and Climatol., in press.  PDF LINK

Serra, Y.L., D.K. Adams, C. Minjarez-Sosa, J.M. Moker, Jr., C. Castro, A. Arellano, A. Quintanar, L.C. Alatorre, A. Granados-Olivas, E. Vasquez, K.L. Holub, and C. DeMets, 2016.  The North American Monsoon GPS Transect Experiment 2013.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., in press  PDF LINK.

Meixner, T. A.H. Manning, D.A. Stonestrom, D.M. Allen, H. Ajami, K.W. Blasch, A.E. Brookfield, C.L. Castro, J.F. Clark, D.J. Gochis, A.L. Flint, K.L. Neff, R. Niraula, M. Rodell, B.R. Scanlon, K. Singha, and M.A. Walvoord, 2016.  Implications of Projected Climate Change for Groundwater Recharge in the Western United States.  J. Hydrology, in press.


Chang, H., C.L. Castro, C.M. Carrillo, and F. Dominguez, 2015.  The more extreme nature of U.S. warm season climate in the recent observational record and two “well performing dynamically downscaled CMIP3 models.  J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 8244-8263.  doi:10.1002/2015JD023333.   PDF LINK

Carrillo, C.M., C.L. Castro, C.A. Woodhouse, and D. Griffin, 2015.  Low frequency variability of the North American Monsoon as diagnosed through early and latewood tree-ring chronologies in the Southwest U.S.  Int. J. Climatol., doi:10.1002/joc.4493. PDF LINK

Shamir, E., S.B. Megdal, C. Carrillo, C.L. Castro, H. Chang, K. Chief, F.E. Corkhill, S. Eden, K.P. Georgakakos, K.M. Nelson, and J. Prietto, 2015.  Climate Change and water resources management in the Upper Santa Cruz River, Arizona.  J. Hydrology, 521, 18-33.  PDF LINK


Rajagopal, S., F. Dominguez, H.V. Gupta, P.A. Troch, and C.L. Castro, 2014.  Physical Mechanisms of Climate-Induced Drying of Two Semiarid Watersheds in the Southwest United States. J. Hydrometeor., 15, 1404-1418.  PDF LINK

Rivera, E.R, F. Dominguez, and C.L. Castro, 2014. Atmospheric Rivers and Extreme Cool Season Precipitation Events in the Verde River Basin of Arizona  J. Hydrometeor.,15, 813-829.  PDF LINK

Seastrand, S., Y. Serra, C. Castro, and E. Ritchie, 2014.  The dominant synoptic-scale modes of North American monsoon precipitation.  Int. J. Climatol., DOI:10.1002/joc.4104. PDF LINK


Ciancarelli, B., C.L. Castro, C. Woodhouse, F. Dominguez, H-I. Chang, C. Carrillo, and D. Griffin, 2013. Dominant patterns of US warm season precipitation variability in a fine resolution observational record. Int. J. Climatol., DOI:10.1002/joc.3716  PDF LINK

Cayan, D., M. Tyree, K.E. Kunkel, C. Castro, A. Gurshunov, J. Barsugli, A.J. Ray, J. Overpeck, M. Anderson, B. Rajagopalan, I. Rangwala, and P Duffy, 2013.  Future Climate:Projected Average, Chapter 6 of Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Change Assessment.  A report by Southwest Climate Alliance.  G. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. Leroy, Eds., Washington, DC: Island Press  PDF LINK TO REPORT

Griffin, D., C.A. Woodhouse, D.M. Meko, D.W. Stahle, H.L. Faulstich, C. Carrillo, R. Touchan, C.L. Castro, and S.W. Leavitt, 2013. North American monsoon precipitation reconstructed from tree-ring latewood.  Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:101002/grl.50184  PDF LINK

Gurshunov, A., J. Overpeck, K. Guiguis, D. Cayan, M. Dettinger, C. Castro, R.E. Schwartz, M. Anderson, A.J. Ray, J. Barsuglo, T. Cavazos, and M. Alexander, 2013.  Future Climate: Projected Extremes, Chapter 7 of Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: A Report Prepared for the National Climate Change Assessment.  A report by Southwest Climate Alliance.  G. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. Leroy, Eds., Washington, DC: Island Press  PDF LINK TO REPORT

Woodhouse, C.A., D.M. Meko, D. Griffin, and C.L. Castro, 2013.  Tree rings reveal multi-season drought variability in the lower Rio Grande Basin, USA.  Water Resour. Research, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20098. PDF LINK


Castro, C.L., H-I. Chang, F. Dominguez, C. Carrillo, J. Kyung-Schemm, H. H-M. Juang, 2012. Can a regional climate model improve warm season forecasts in North America?  J. Climate, 25, 8212-8237. PDF LINK

Dominguez, F., E. Rivera,  D.P. Lettenmaier and C.L. Castro, 2012.  Changes in winter precipitation extremes for the western United States under a warm climate as simulated by regional climate models.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L05803, doi:10.1029/2011GL050762  PDF LINK

Minjarez-Sosa, C.M.,  C.L. Castro, K.L. Cummins, E.P. Krider, and J. Waissman, 2012.  Toward Development of Improved QPE in Complex Terrain Using Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Data: A Case Study for the 2005 Monsoon in Southern Arizona.  J. Hydrometeor., 13, 1855-1873.  PDF LINK

Wi, S., F. Dominguez, M. Durcik, J. Valdes, H.Diaz, and C.L. Castro, 2012.  Climate change projection of snowfall in the Colorado River Basin using dynamical downscaling. Water Resour. Res., 48, W05504, doi:10.1029/2011WR010674.  PDF LINK


Leavitt, S.W., C. Woodhouse, D. Meko, R. Touchan, C.L. Castro, D. Griffin, and B. Ciancarelli, 2010.  The North American Monsoon in the U.S. Southwest: Potential for investigation with tree-ring isotopes.  Quarternary International235, 101-107. PDF LINK

 Zeng, X. M. Barlage, C. Castro, and K. Wink, 2010.  Quantification of Land-Precipitation Coupling Strength.  J. Hydrometeor., 11, 980-995.  PDF LINK


 Bieda III, S.W., C.L. Castro, S.L. Mullen, A. Comrie, and E. Pytlak, 2009.  The Relationship of Transient Upper-Level Troughs to Variability of the North American Monsoon System.  J. Climate22, 4213-4227. PDF LINK

Castro, C.L., A.B. Beltrán-Przekurat, and R.A. Pielke, Sr., 2009. Spatiotemporal variability of precipitation, modeled soil moisture, and vegetation greenness in North America within the recent observational record.  J. Hydrometeor., 10, 1355-1378. PDF LINK

Switanek, M.B., P.A. Troch, and C.L. Castro, 2009. Improving Predictions of Climate Variability and Water Availability at the Catchment Scale.  J. Hydrometeor., 10, 1521-1533. PDF LINK

Troung, N.M., T.T. Tien, R.A. Pielke, Sr., C.L. Castro, and G. Leoncini, 2009.  A modified Kain-Fritsch Scheme and its application for simulation of an extreme precipitation event in Vietnam.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 766-789.  PDF LINK

Weiss, J.L., C.L. Castro, and J.T. Overpeck.  Distinguishing Pronounced Droughts in the Southwestern U.S.A.: Seasonality and Effects of Warmer Temperatures  J. Climate22, 5918-5932.  PDF LINK


Lyon, S.W., F. Dominguez, D.J. Gochis, N.A. Brunsell, C.L. Castro, F.K. Chow, Y. Fan, D. Fuka, P.A. Kucera, S.W. Nesbitt, N. Salzmann, J. Schmidli, P.K. Snyder, A.J. Teuling, T.E. Twine, S. Levis, J.D. Lundquist, G.D. Salvucci, A.M. Sealy, and M.T. Walter, 2008.  Coupling Terrestrial and Atmospheric Water Dynamics to Improve Prediction in a Changing Environment.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 1275-1279. PDF LINK

Rockel, B., C.LCastro, R.A. Pielke, Sr., H. von Storch, and G. Leoncini, 2008.  Dynamical downscaling: Assessment of model system dependent retained and added variability for two different regional climate models . J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21107, doi:10.1029/2007JD009461.  PDF LINK


Castro, C.L. R.A. Pielke, Sr., and J.O. Adegoke, 2007.  Investigation of the Summer Climate of the Contiguous U.S. and Mexico Using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS).  Part I: Model Climatology (1950-2002). J. Climate20, 3844-3865. PDF LINK

Castro, C.L., R.A. Pielke, Sr., J.O. Adegoke, S.D Schubert, and P.J. Pegion, 2007. Investigation of the Summer Climate of the Contiguous U.S. and Mexico Using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS).  Part II: Model Climate Variability.  J. Climate20, 3866-3887. PDF LINK

Pielke Sr., R.A., D. Stokowski, J.-W. Wang, T. Vukicevic, G. Leoncini, T. Matsui, C. Castro. D. Niyogi, C.M. Kishtawal, A. Biazar, K. Doty, R.T. McNider, U. Nair, and W.K. Tao, 2007.  Satellite-based model parameterization of diabatic heating.  EOS, Vol. 88, 8, 20 February, 96-97. PDF LINK


Castro, C.L, R.A. Pielke Sr., and G. Leoncini, 2005.  Dynamical Downscaling: Assessment of value retained and added using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS).  J. Geophys Res., 110, D05108, doi:10.1029/2004JD004721. PDF LINK


Chase, T.N., R.A. Pielke Sr., and C. Castro, 2003. Are Present Day Climate Simulations Accurate Enough for Reliable Regional Downscaling?  Water Resources Update,124, 26-33. PDF LINK

Hanamean, J.R. Jr., R.A. Pielke Sr., C.L. Castro, D.S. Ojima, B.C. Reed, and Z. Gao, 2003.  Vegetation impacts on maximum and minimum surface temperature in northeast Colorado.  Meteorological Applications10, 203-215. PDF LINK

State of the Climate in 2002, 2003: A.M. Waple and J.H. Lawrimore, Eds., R.A. Pielke Sr. and C.L. Castro, Contributors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, S1-S68.


Castro, C.L., T.B. McKee, and R.A. Pielke Sr., 2001.  The Relationship of the North American Monsoon to Tropical and North Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures as Revealed by Observational Analyses, J. Climate14, 4449-4473. PDF LINK